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Your Guide To Common Termite Species

Known as silent destroyers, a single termite might not do a tremendous amount of damage to your home’s structure, but the thing is that there’s never just one. One turns into a whole colony of them in a very short amount of time, leaving behind serious structural damage and the need for termite treatments in Fort Myers. Unless you’ve experienced them in your home before, you might assume all termites are the same, but there are 45 different kinds of species of termites found in the U.S., each of which falls under three main termite types: subterranean, drywood, and dampwood.

Each species has their own unique biological and physical makeup, as well as behavior differences, such as what part of the country they live in, where they build nests, and how destructive they are. Below we’ll outline the three main species, as well as their subspecies, and what makes them unique.

Subterranean Termites: This species lives in the soil, builds the largest nests of any insect in the U.S., and are responsible for the majority of all termite damage.

Subspecies: Arid-Land Subterranean, Desert Subterranean, Formosan, Eastern Subterranean, Dark Southeastern Subterranean, Western Subterranean

Formosan Termites: This species is the most aggressive subterranean termite. They are organized into huge underground colonies and build intricate mud nests inside the walls of a structure.

Drywood Termites: This species lives in wood, such as dead trees, structural timbers, or hardwood floors. Unlike subterranean termites, drywood termites do not require contact with soil. Drywood termite colonies tend to be smaller than subterranean termite colonies, so they typically cause damage at a slower rate.
Subspecies: Western Drywood, Southeastern Drywood, Desert Drywood

Dampwood Termites: This species lives in wood with high moisture content. Dampwood termites are rarely found in homes since wood in these structures typically does not have enough moisture.
Subspecies: Desert Dampwood, Florida Dampwood, Nevada Dampwood, Pacific Dampwood